|August 18, 2005|
|Results of a Head-to-Head Study Comparing Two of the Most Widely Used Chemotherapy Agents in Breast Cancer Published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology|
The sanofi-aventis Group announced today that the Journal of Clinical Oncology has published the results of a phase III trial that demonstrate treatment with TAXOTERE® (docetaxel) Injection Concentrate significantly improved overall survival and median time to disease progression compared with paclitaxel in women with advanced breast cancer whose cancer had progressed after previous treatment with an anthracycline-based therapy. The study shows a statistically significant median overall survival of 15.4 months for TAXOTERE® versus 12.7 months for paclitaxel (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.15 to 1.73; p=0.03). TAXOTERE® and paclitaxel are agents in a class known as taxanes, which are commonly used to treat women with advanced breast cancer.
This study randomized 449 patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer after prior failure with an anthracycline-containing chemotherapy regimen from 53 U.S. and Canadian centers. The patients received either TAXOTERE® (100 mg/m2, 1-hour intravenous infusion every 21 days) or paclitaxel (175 mg/m2, 3-hour intravenous infusion every 21 days) – each drug given at the dosage and schedule as approved by the Food and Drug Administration. This trial demonstrates that, among all patients who were assigned to receive either TAXOTERE® or paclitaxel (intent to treat analysis), TAXOTERE® conferred significantly longer median time to progression than paclitaxel (5.7 months vs. 3.6 months, p<0.0001). Among patients evaluable for response (tumor shrinkage), those who received TAXOTERE® had significantly higher response rates (37.0% vs. 26%, p=0.02) and significantly longer median duration of response (7.5 months vs. 4.6 months, p=0.01), than those who received paclitaxel. When response was evaluated on an intent-to-treat basis, the overall response rate was higher for TAXOTERE® (32.0% vs. 25.0%, p=0.10, ns) compared with paclitaxel. However, this difference was not significant.
"This is the first clinical trial to directly compare these extensively used taxanes. Preclinical and laboratory evidence suggested that TAXOTERE® and paclitaxel are different," said Stephen E. Jones, MD, Medical Director of U.S. Oncology Research, Director of Breast Cancer Research, Baylor-Sammons Cancer Center, Dallas, Texas. "The results from this head-to-head study provide oncologists with the clinical evidence of these differences. Rarely have we seen trials for the treatment of women with advanced breast cancer that demonstrate significant differences in survival."
Patients in the study continued to receive study drug as long as they were responding to treatment. Patients received a median of six cycles of TAXOTERE® compared to a median of four cycles of paclitaxel. The use of G-CSF, a bone marrow growth factor that may be administered to reduce febrile neutropenia in patients receiving myelosuppressive chemotherapy, was only permitted following an initial episode of grade 4 leukopenia or neutropenia (low white blood cell counts) persisting longer than seven days, or when associated with fever. The adverse events reported in the study were consistent with those previously observed in TAXOTERE® studies and are not different from those observed in routine clinical practice. The incidence of treatment-related hematologic and nonhematologic adverse events was greater for TAXOTERE® than for paclitaxel; however, quality of life scores were not statistically different between treatment groups over time.
Other Study Results and Protocol
Quality of life was assessed using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy (FACT) measurement system for breast cancer, FACT-B. The questionnaire is designed to assess quality of life including the emotional, functional, physical and social well being of patients. The women completed the questionnaire prior to treatment, after cycle 4 and at the end of the treatment.
“The study reinforced that TAXOTERE® is an effective agent in the treatment of advanced breast cancer,” said Dr. Stephen E. Jones. “The data from this study suggest that we have a treatment that may be able to benefit more women with advanced breast cancer.”
More than one million new cases of breast cancer are reported worldwide annually and more than 400,000 women die each year from the disease. The risk of a woman developing breast cancer during her lifetime is approximately 13 percent (about one in seven of all women in the United States). In the European Union, more than 191,000 new cases are diagnosed each year and more than 60,000 women will die. In the United States, breast cancer will represents this year more than 215,000 new cases and 40,000 will die. With earlier screening and diagnosis, early management of patients may offer better chances of survival.
TAXOTERE® is approved for the treatment of patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in combination with cisplatin, who had not received prior chemotherapy, and it also is approved for patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC after failure of prior platinum-based chemotherapy. In addition, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved TAXOTERE® for use in combination with prednisone as a treatment for men with androgen-independent (hormone-refractory) metastatic prostate cancer.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNING: TAXOTERE® treatment can cause serious, physically limiting, and potentially life-threatening side effects, such as infection, low blood-cell counts, allergic reaction, and retention of excess fluid (edema).
TAXOTERE® should not be given to patients with low white–blood-cell counts, abnormal liver function, or a history of allergic reactions to TAXOTERE® or any of the ingredients in TAXOTERE®.
Before each TAXOTERE® treatment, all patients treated with TAXOTERE® must receive another medicine called dexamethasone. This drug can help reduce the risk of fluid retention (edema) and allergic reactions.
TAXOTERE® should be administered only under the supervision of a qualified physician experienced in the use of anticancer treatments. Appropriate management of complications is possible only when adequate diagnostic and treatment facilities are readily available.
Treatment-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has occurred in patients given anthracyclines and/or cyclophosphamide, including use with TAXOTERE® in adjuvant therapy for breast cancer.
The most common severe side effects are low white–blood-cell count, anemia, fatigue, diarrhea, and mouth and throat irritation. Low white–blood-cell count can lead to life-threatening infections. The earliest sign of infection may be fever, so tell your doctor right away if you have a fever.
Other common side effects from TAXOTERE® include nausea, vomiting, hair loss, rash, infusion-site reactions, odd sensations (such as numbness, tingling, or burning) or weakness in the hands and feet, nail changes, muscle and/or bone pain, or excessive tearing.
Patients 65 years of age or older may experience some side effects more frequently than younger patients.
Because of the potential risk of fetal harm, pregnant women should not receive TAXOTERE®. Women of childbearing potential should avoid becoming pregnant during treatment with TAXOTERE®.
Before receiving TAXOTERE®, tell your doctor if
When taking TAXOTERE®, contact your doctor if
Please see adjacent page for patient information leaflet for detailed information about these side effects, and talk to your doctor about any questions you may have.
For more information about TAXOTERE®, visit www.taxotere.com or see accompanying full prescribing information including boxed WARNING. For more information about ongoing clinical trials, please call 1-800-RxTrial or visit www.aventisoncology.com.
The sanofi-aventis Group is the world’s third largest pharmaceutical company, ranking number one in Europe. Backed by a world-class R&D organization, sanofi-aventis is developing leading positions in seven major therapeutic areas: cardiovascular, thrombosis, oncology, metabolic diseases, central nervous system, internal medicine, and vaccines. The sanofi-aventis Group is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE: SNY).
Forward Looking Statements
to differ materially from those expressed in, or implied or projected by, the forward-looking information and statements. These risks and uncertainties include those discussed or identified in the public filings with the SEC and the AMF made by sanofi-aventis, including those listed under “Risk Factors” and “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in sanofi-aventis’ annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2004. Other than as required by applicable law, sanofi-aventis does not undertake any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking information or statements.
Sanofi-aventis Group subsidiaries in the United States include Sanofi-Synthelabo Inc., Aventis Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Sanofi Pasteur Inc.
Marisol Peron, 908-243-7592, firstname.lastname@example.org