Bridgewater, NJ – December 2, 2014 / PR Newswire / — Sanofi announced today that following a priority review, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved Priftin® (rifapentine) in combination with isoniazid (INH) for a new indication for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in patients two years of age and older at high risk of progression to tuberculosis (TB) disease. Priftin is an antimycobacterial that has been approved since 1998, in combination with one or more antituberculosis drugs, for the treatment of active pulmonary TB caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
A person with LTBI is infected with the bacteria that cause TB, but does not feel sick, have symptoms, and cannot spread the bacteria to others. More than 11 million people living in the United States have LTBI, and about five to 10 percent of those – up to more than 1 million people – will develop TB disease if not treated.1 Treatment for LTBI in patients at risk of progression greatly reduces the risk that TB infection will progress to TB disease.2,3
“For people at high risk for progressing to active TB, treating LTBI is an important public health strategy for tuberculosis control,” said Robert Belknap, M.D., director, Denver Metro Tuberculosis Control Program at Denver Public Health and past-president of the National Society of TB Clinicians. “A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine showed that more patients completed the 12-dose, once-weekly regimen of directly observed rifapentine and INH than 9 months of daily self-administered INH.” 4
Sanofi is one of the few companies continuing to invest in the management of TB infection. Since the late 1950’s, the company has been committed to research and develop methods to treat, diagnose and prevent the disease.
“Today’s approval highlights the importance of public-private partnerships to address unmet public health challenges, with Sanofi working with CDC to study new opportunities to treat latent TB infection,” said Paul Chew, M.D., Sanofi Global Chief Medical Officer. “The new approval for Priftin exemplifies the commitment to treating TB upheld by Sanofi for more than a half century.”
About the LTBI Approval
The new approval for Priftin was based in part on the PREVENT TB study conducted by the CDC-Tuberculosis Trials Consortium (TBTC) and published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 2011. The PREVENT TB study compared a 12-week, once-weekly regimen of Priftin plus INH (3RPT/INH), using Direct Observation Therapy, with 9 months of self-administered daily INH (9INH). Tuberculosis disease developed in 5 of 3074 randomized patients in the 3RPT/INH group (cumulative rate, 0.16%) versus 10 of 3074 patients in 9INH group (cumulative rate, 0.32%), for a difference in cumulative rates of 0.17%, 95% CI (-0.43, 0.09). The proportion of patients completing treatment was 81.2% in the 3RPT/INH group and 68.3% in the 9INH group for a difference (3RPT/INH-9INH) of 12.8%, 95% CI (10.7, 15.0).4 Sanofi provided support for the CDC-TBTC study in the form of Priftin drug supply.
Following the trial, CDC updated its treatment guidelines for LTBI to recommend the 12-dose Priftin-INH combination as an equal alternative to nine months of daily INH. 5,6 In addition, WHO Guidelines on the management of latent tuberculosis infection released in October 2014 now recommend a 12-week regimen of weekly rifapentine plus INH as a treatment option.
INDICATION for Priftin® (rifapentine)
Active Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Priftin® (rifapentine) is indicated in adults and children 12 years and older for the treatment of active pulmonary tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Priftin must always be used in combination with one or more antituberculosis drugs to which the isolate is susceptible.
Limitations of Use
Do not use Priftin monotherapy in either the initial or the continuation phases of active antituberculous treatment.
Priftin should not be used once-weekly in the continuation phase regimen in combination with isoniazid (INH) in HIV-infected patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis because of a higher rate of failure and/or relapse with rifampin-resistant organisms.
Priftin has not been studied as part of the initial phase treatment regimen in HIV-infected patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis.
Latent Tuberculosis Infection
Priftin is indicated in adults and children 2 years and older for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease (including those in close contact with active tuberculosis patients, recent conversion to a positive tuberculin skin test, HIV-infected patients, or those with pulmonary fibrosis on radiograph).
Limitations of Use
Active tuberculosis disease should be ruled out before initiating treatment for latent tuberculosis infection.
Priftin must always be used in combination with INH as a 12-week once-weekly regimen for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection.
- Priftin in combination with INH is not recommended for Individuals presumed to be exposed to rifamycin- or - INH resistant M. tuberculosis.
Important Safety Information for Priftin® (rifapentine)
Priftin is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to rifamycins.
Elevations of liver transaminases may occur in patients receiving Priftin. Patients should be monitored for symptoms of liver injury. Patients with abnormal liver function tests and/or liver disease or patients initiating treatment for active pulmonary tuberculosis should only be given Priftin in cases of necessity and under strict medical supervision. Discontinue Priftin if evidence of liver injury occurs.
Hypersensitivity reactions may occur in patients receiving Priftin. Signs and symptoms of these reactions may include hypotension, urticaria, angioedema, acute bronchospasm, conjunctivitis, thrombocytopenia, neutropenia or flu-like syndrome. There have been reports of anaphylaxis. Monitor patients for signs and/or symptoms of hypersensitivity reactions. If these symptoms occur, administer supportive measures and discontinue Priftin.
Higher relapse rates may occur in patients with cavitary pulmonary lesions and/or positive sputum cultures after the initial phase of active tuberculosis treatment and in patients with evidence of bilateral pulmonary disease. Monitor for signs and symptoms of relapse in these patients.
Rifapentine is an inducer of Cytochrome P450 enzymes. Concomitant use of rifapentine with other drugs metabolized by these enzymes, such as protease inhibitors, certain reverse transcriptase inhibitors, and hormonal contraception may cause a significant decrease in plasma concentrations and loss of therapeutic effect of these drugs. Dosage adjustment of the drugs may be necessary.
Priftin may produce a red-orange discoloration of body tissues and/or fluids and may permanently stain contact lenses or dentures red-orange.
Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) has been reported with the use of nearly all systemic antibacterial agents, including Priftin, with severity ranging from mild diarrhea to fatal colitis. CDAD must be considered in all patients who present with diarrhea following antibacterial use. If CDAD is suspected or confirmed, discontinue antibacterial use not directed against C. difficile if possible and institute appropriate treatment measures.
Avoid the use of Priftin in patients with porphyria.
In Priftin studies, the most common adverse reactions with the regimen for active pulmonary tuberculosis (≥1%) are anemia, lymphopenia, neutropenia, increased alanine aminotransferase (ALT), arthralgia, conjunctivitis, headache, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, rash, pruritus, anorexia and lymphadenopathy. The most common adverse reaction (≥1%) with the regimen for latent tuberculosis infection is hypersensitivity reaction.
Please click here for full Prescribing Information for Priftin® (rifapentine): http://products.sanofi.us/priftin/Priftin.pdf
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1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New regimen makes treating latent TB infection easier. Last updated December 12, 2011. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/Features/TuberculosisTreatment/ Accessed September 16, 2014.
2. Centers for Disease Control Treatment for latent TB infection. Last updated February 2014. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/treatment/ltbi.htm. Accessed September 17, 2014.
3. Centers for Disease Control. Basic TB facts. Updated March 2012. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/topic/basics/default.htm. Accessed September 17, 2014.
4. Sterling TR, Villarino E, Borisov A, et al. Three months of rifapentine and isoniazid for latent tuberculosis infection. N Engl J Med. 2011; 365:2155- 2166.
5. MMWR. 2011;60:1650-1653.
6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Latent tuberculosis infection: A guide for primary health care providers. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/ltbi/treatment.htm Accessed September 27, 2014.